The Impeachment of Governor William Holden

References

The Impeachment Trial of Governor Holden is a three-volume work that contains the minutes of Governor Holden’s impeachment trial.  The sources derived from this are testimony of various witnesses called upon both the Board of Managers for the House of Representatives and the Respondent’s defense team.  The secondary sources shed light onto the surrounding political issues, such as the Kirk-Holden War, and the existence of the Ku Klux Klan in Alamance and Caswell Counties.

 Primary Sources:

Boyden, Nathaniel. "Arument on the Admission of Proof of Existence of the Ku Klux Klan," in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, Vol. 1. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 315-319. 

Graham, William. "Arument on the Admission of Proof of Existence of the Ku Klux Klan,"  in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, Vol. 1. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 302-315.

North Carolina Senate. "Testimony of James E. Boyd," in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, Vol. 2. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 1580-1687.

North Carolina Senate. "Testimony of Albert Murray," in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, Vol. 2. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 1944-1965.

North Carolina Senate. "Testimony of William J. Murray," in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, Vol. 2. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 294-302, 335, & 477-484.

North Carolina Senate. "Testimony of Jesse Gant," in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, vol. 1. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 484-492.

William Holden, "Declaration of a State of Insurrection for Alamance and Caswell Counties," in the Trial of William W. Holden: Governor of North Carolina, before the Senate of North Carolina, on Impeachment by the House of Representatives for High Crimes and Misdeameanors, Vol. 1. Raleigh, NC: Sentinel Printing Office, 1871, 135-137.

Secondary Sources:

Folk, Edgar E. and Bynum Shaw. W. W. Holden: A Political Biography. Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1982.

Powell, William S. North Carolina Through Four Centuries. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Raper, Horace William. "William Woods Holden: A Political Biography." PhD diss., Universtiy of North Carolina, 1951.

Zuber, Richard L. North Carolina During Reconstruction. North Carolina State Department of Archives and History: Raleigh, 1969.

Trelease, Allen W. White Terror: The Ku Klux Klan Conspiracy and Southern Reconstruction. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.