After the Civil War ended, President Andrew Johnson, who took over after President Lincoln was assassinated, made high ranking Confederate soldiers, as well as various Confederate government officials sign an amnesty pledge of loyalty. By signing this pledge of loyalty, these former Confederates hoped to regain rights such as citizenship, voting rights, and the right to hold office. One government official who needed to petition was Robert Laban Abernathy, whose status as the tax collector in…

Original Format: Government Document

John N. Maffitt was a prominent officer in the Confederate Navy during the Civil War who resigned from his post in the United States Navy in order to fight for the Confederacy “on the conviction that free government is founded on the consent of the governed.” (Shingleton 1994, 33) Although Maffitt was extremely devoted to the Confederate cause during the Civil War, he still treated Union prisoners of war fairly and leniently. In his amnesty petition to President Johnson in 1857, Maffitt…

Original Format: Government Document

David Schenck was an avid secessionist before the outbreak of the Civil War, supporting disunion as early as 1859. From Lincoln County, North Carolina, Schenck was a lawyer before the war, considered himself too old to serve in the Confederate Army and instead offered his legal services to the Confederacy, as a Receiver. He claimed in his amnesty petition that he lost $6,000 worth of slaves and currently owned $4,000 worth of property, which was eligible for confiscation. Because he was a…

Original Format: Correspondence

Letters on a Female Character by Virginia Randolph Cary, published in 1828, praised the ideals of the domestic sphere. Women, according to Cary, should depend on a male protection. Citing scripture Cary states women was “formed from man” and subservient to his authority.

Original Format: Book

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The monument is dedicated to women's efforts during the Civil War. It depicts a women seated with a young boy beside her. He is holding a sword, and she is holding a book. The monument was erected in 1914 and is located in Union Square at the North Carolina State Capital. It is representative of Lost Cause monuments around the country. The women's monument is adjacent to the large Civil War Memorial in Union Square.

Original Format: Photograph

The cartoon “Under Which Flag” emphasizes the importance race and gender played in the post-war South. The cartoon depicted two candidates with their flags and platforms. The white flag has the white rule platform promising good government, peace, prosperity, and the protection of white women. The cartoon characterized black rule as scandalous, corrupt, and insulting to white women. The cartoon clearly places white women at the center of the debate. White there had been a racial component to…

Original Format: Cartoon

The popular Civil War song “The Homespun Dress” by Carrie Bell Sinclair exemplifies how gender roles infused war rhetoric. The song praises women for wearing homespun dresses in support of the war. Sinclair praises women’s support for the cause “The homespun dress is plain, I know, my hat’s palmetto too; / But then it shows what Southern girls for Southern rights will do.” Public and private combined in the use of homespun as polices. Women could not fully move into the realm of…

The lithograph “The Life & Age of Woman” portrays a woman’s life in the domestic sphere. It begins with a baby girl in a cradle. As the girl grows, she plays with a doll to prepare for her future as a mother. The adolescent girl holds a rose form a suitor as she prepares to become a wife. The next stage shows the young woman in her wedding, representing her leaving her biological family for her husband. The next step shows motherhood, with a woman holding an infant. At the top of the arch…

Original Format: Illustration

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The U.S.S. Yorktown was a World War II era aircraft carrier that saw action in the Pacific Theater of World War II and during the Vietnam War. The Yorktown was also a recovery ship for the Apollo 8 space mission. The movie "Tora! Tora! Tora!" was filmed on the Yorktown. Today this carrier is docked in Charleston, South Carolina, and is a National Historic Landmark.

When I was about 12, I was lucky enough to spend a weekend on this ship with my Boy Scout troop. I had always been interested in…

Original Format: Photograph

This exhibit display is about Lydia, the rented slave who was shot in the back by John Mann. This case was first ruled in Chowan County, NC and then appealed by Mann. It led to the case State v. Mann.

Original Format: Photograph